Title Author
Meta-ethics Wikipedia. 2016
Consequentialism Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter. 2015
Consequentialism Wikipedia. 2016
Deontological ethics Alexander, Larry & Michael Moore. 2016
Deontological ethics Wikipedia. 2016
Virtue ethics Hursthouse, Rosalind. 2012
Virtue ethics Wikipedia. 2016
Moral particularism Dancy, Jonathan. 2013
Care ethics Sander-Staudt, Maureen. 2016
Moral particularism Shiu-Hwa Tsu, Peter. 2016
Feminist ethics Tong, Rosemarie & Nancy Williams. 2009
Ethics of care Wikipedia. 2016
Excited altruim Karnofy, Holden. 2013
Famine, affluence and morality Singer, Peter. 1972
Cheerfully Wise, Julia. 2013
9 ways to put yourself in a better position in any job 80,000 Hours. 2016
The two most common ways people accidentally sabotage their career early on 80,000 Hours. 2016
Why even our readers should save enough to live for 6-24 months Todd, Benjamin. 2015
We reviewed over 60 studies about what makes for a dream job. Here’s what we found 80,000 Hours. 2016
How to find the right career for you 80,000 Hours. 2016
Interview: Holden Karnofsky on the importance of personal fit Todd, Benjamin. 2014
What should you look for in a job? Introducing our framework 80,000 Hours. 2016
Why the ideas you’ve heard for doing good with your career aren’t the best 80,000 Hours. 2016
Why the ideas you’ve heard for doing good with your career aren’t the best 80,000 Hours. 2016
Why the ideas you’ve heard for doing good with your career aren’t the best 80,000 Hours. 2016
Replaceability, career choice, and making a difference MacAskill, William. 2014
80,000 Hours thinks that only a small proportion of people should earn to give long term MacAskill, William. 2015
Why you should focus more on talent gaps, not funding gaps Todd, Benjamin. 2015
Earning to give: an annotated bibliography Stafforini, Pablo. 2016
Why the ideas you’ve heard for doing good with your career aren’t the best 80,000 Hours. 2016
Alan Turing: The codebreaker who saved ‘millions of lives’ Copeland, Jack. 2012
Doing good better: How effective altruism can help you make a difference MacAskill, Will. 2015
You have a set amount of “weirdness points”: spend them wisely Hurford, Peter. 2014
Doing good better: How effective altruism can help you make a difference MacAskill, Will. 2015
Burnout and self-care Wise, Julia. 2015
Want to kill fewer animals? Give up eggs Galef, Julia. 2011
Why eat less meat Hurford, Peter. 2013
Don’t sweat diet? Lewis, Gregory. 2015
Does vegetarianism make a difference? Tomasik, Brian. 2014
How much suffering is directly caused by various animal foods? Tomasik, Brian. 2016
Effective altruism, environmentalism, and climate change: an introduction Gaensbauer, Evan. 2016.
Conversation with Alice Yu on Effective Altruism Kuhn, Ben. 2013
Ethical offsetting is antithetical to EA Zabel, Claire. 2016
Project Overview: Problems of unknown difficulty Cotton-Barratt, Owen. 2015
Why focus on neglected tropical disease research? Giving What We Can. 2016
Scientific research Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Doing good through for-profits: Wave and financial tech 80,000 Hours. 2016
Living Goods GiveWell. 2014
To inspire people to give, be public about your giving Hurford, Peter. 2014
Donation report Kaufman, Jeff. 2016
Philanthropy’s success stories Karnofsky, Holden. 2012
History of Philanthropy Open Philanthropy Project. 2016.
Concept for conor coordination Drescher, Denis. 2016
Donor coordination and the giver’s dilemma Karnofsky, Holden. 2015
The value of coordination Todd, Ben. 2016
Giving your all Landburg, Steven. 1997
How many causes should you give to? Kuhn, Ben. 2014
The best reason to give later Christiano, Paul. 2013.
Give now or later Cotton-Barratt, Owen and Ben Todd. 2015
Good Ventures and giving now vs later Karnofsky, Holden. 2015
The case for donating now Mannino, Adriano & Lukas Gloor. 2014
The haste consideration Wage, Matt. 2012
Giving now vs. later: a summary Wise, Julia. 2013
Inducement prizes and innovation Brunt, Liam, Josh Lerner & Tom Nicholas. 2012
Why Certificates? Impact Purchase. 2015
Impact Purchase Kuhn, Ben. 2015
Good policy ideas that won’t happen (yet) Bowerman, Niel. 2014
Effective altruism’s political blind spot Clough, Emily. 2015
Should EAs do policy? Farquhar, Sebastian. 2016
New UK aid strategy – prioritising research and crisis response Global Priorities Project. 2015
The track record of policy-oriented philanthropy Karnofsky, Holden. 2013
U.S. policy Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Cause profile: Building an effective altruism community Centre for Effective Altruism. No date.
Effective altruism: will donors change their ways? Birkwood, Susannah. 2016
About us Charity Science Health. 2016
Top charities GiveWell. 2016
Charitable giving statistics National Philanthropic Trust. 2016
What is fossil fuel divestment? Fossil Free. 2016
Does divestment work? Macaskill, Will. 2015
When can impact investing create real impact? Brest, Paul & Kelly Born. 2015
Acumen Fund and social enterprise investment Karnofsky, Holden. 2009
Effective altruism, radical politics and radical philanthropy Chappell, Richard. 2016
Does effective altruism neglect systemic change? Effective Altruism. 2016
Cause reports - Policy Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Stop the robot apocalypse Srinivasan, Amia. 2015
Effective altruists love systemic change Wiblin, Robert. 2015
Cause profile: Building an effective altruism community Centre for Effective Altruism. No date.
MIRI’s Research Workshops MIRI. No date.
Pareto Fellowship Pareto Fellowship. No date.
Animal pain Allen, Colin. 2004
Do bugs feel pain? Tomasik, Brian. 2016
Infinite ethics Bostrom, Nick. 2011
Are we living in a computer simulation? Bostrom, Nick. 2003
The future of humanity Bostrom, Nick. 2009
Existential risk prevention as a global priority Botrom, Nick. 2012
Where are they? Bostrom, Nick. 2008
Superintelligence: paths, dangers, strategies Bostrom, Nick. 2015
Friendly artificial intelligence. Wikipedia. No date.
Will we eventually be able to colonize other stars? Beckstead, Nick. 2011
Some simple ways to check “room for more funding” Karnofsky, Holden. 2011
Defining Returns Functions and Funding Gaps Dalton, Max. 2017
Selecting the appropriate model for diminishing returns Dalton, Max and Cotton-Barratt, Owen. 2017
On the concept of “talent-constrained” organizations Naik, Vipul. No date.
Why you should focus more on talent gaps, not funding gaps Todd, Benjamin. 2015
The efficiency of modern philanthropy Christiano, Paul. 2013
Broad market efficiency Karnofsky, Holden. 2013
Impact calculator Animal Charity Evaluators. 2016
Initial grants to support corporate cage-free reforms Bollard, Lewis. 2016
Treatment of animals in industrial agriculture Open Philanthropy Project. 2013
Animal product alternatives Open Philanthropy Project. 2015
Why animals matter for effective altruism Reese, Jacy. 2016
The morality of meat: why eating your vegetables is cruel to animals Hanson, Robin. 2002
Human diets and animal welfare: the illogic of the larder Matheny, Gaverick & Kai Chan. 2005
Vegan advocacy and pessimism about wild animal welfare Shulman, Carl. 2013
How does vegetarianism impact wild-animal suffering? Tomasik, Brian. 2016
Quantifying the poor meat eater problem Bogossian, Kyle. 2015.
The meat eater problem: developing an EA response Weathers, Scott. 2016
The myth that reducing wild animal suffering is intractable Dickens, Michael. 2016
The meat eaters McMahan, Jeff. 2010
Towards welfare biology: evolutionary economics of animal consciousness and suffering Ng, Y.-K. 1995
Reducing suffering among invertebrates such as insects Sentience Politics. 2016.
Wild animal suffering: a bibliography Stafforini, Pablo. 2016
The importance of wild animal suffering Tomasik, Brian. 2016
How many wild animals are there? Tomasik, Brian. 2016
The long-term significance of reducing global catastrophic risks Beckstead, Nick. 2015
Global catastrophic risks 2016 Cotton-Barratt, Owen et al. 2016
Global catastrophic risks Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Global catastrophic risks Cotton-Barratt, Owen et al. 2016
Existential Risks: Analyzing Human Extinction Scenarios and Related Hazards Bostrom, Nick. 2002
Risks of Astronomical Future Suffering Tomasik, Brian. 2016
Three areas of research on the superintelligence control problem Dewey, Daniel. No date.
Potential risks from advanced artificial intelligence: the philanthropic opportunity Karnofsky, Holden. 2016
Introductory resources on AI safety research Krakovna, Victoria. 2016
Global catastrophic risks Cotton-Barratt, Owen et al. 2016
Gain-of-function experiments: time for a real debate Duprex, Paul et al. 2015
Gain-of-function research: ethical analysis Selgelid, Michael. 2016
Probing the improbable: methodological challenges for risks with low probabilities and high stakes Ord, Toby, Rafaela Hillerbrand & Anders Sandberg. 2010
Global catastrophic risks Cotton-Barratt, Owen et al. 2016
Nuclear weapons policy Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Existential risks: analyzing human extinction scenarios and related hazards Bostrom, Nick. 2002
How not to be a “white in shining armor” Karnofsky, Holden. 2012
The lack of controversy over well-targeted aid Karnofsky, Holden. 2016
Poverty and shared prosperity 2016: taking on inequality World Bank. 2016
GBD Compare | Viz HubYou Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation. 2016
"Improving Institutional Decision-Making” Whittlestone, Jess. 2017
Is effective altruism overlooking human happiness and mental health? I argue it is. Plant, Michael. 2016
Mental health Snowden & Sietzy. 2016
Estimating the true global burden of mental illness Vigo, Thornicroft & Atun. 2016
Criminal justice reform Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Economics and emigration: Trillion-dollar bills on the sidewalk? Clemens, Michael A. 2011
Open Borders Open Borders. No date.
Labor mobility Open Philanthropy Project. No date.
Let their people come: Breaking the gridlock on global labor mobility Pritchett, Lant. 2006
The domestic economic impacts of immigration Roodman, David. 2014
How migration liberalization might eliminate most absolute poverty Shulman, Carl. 2014
Land use reform 80,000 Hours. 2016
Land use reform Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Macroeconomic stabilization policy Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Economic downturns, universal health coverage, and cancer mortality in high-income and middle-income countries, 1990–2010: a longitudinal analysis Maruthappu, Mahiben et al. 2016
The fable of the dragon-tyrant Bostrom, Nick. 2005
Estimates of funding for various research, condition, and disease categories (RCDC) National Institutes of Health. 2016
Animal product alternatives Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Cultured meat: an ethical alternative to industrial animal farming Rorheim, Adrian, Adriano Mannino, Tobias Baumann & Lucius Caviola. 2016
Medical research Giving What We Can. 2015
Investigating neglected goals in scientific research Karnofsky, Holden. 2015
Neglected tropical diseases World Health Organisation. 2016
Global priorities research 80,000 Hours. 2016
Conversation with Paul Christiano on cause prioritization research Stafforini, Pablo. 2014
Belief Schwitzgebel, Eric. 2015
I can’t believe I’m stupid Egan, Andy & Adam Elga. 2005
The logic of scientific discovery Popper, Karl. 1959
Resiliency, propensities, and causal necessity Skyrms, Brian. 1977
Bayes’ rule Arbital. 2016
Bayes’ theorem Joyce, James. 2003
Bayes’ theorem Wikipedia. 2016
Base rate fallacy Wikipedia. 2016
False positive paradox Wikipedia. 2016
Peer disagreement Blanchard, Thomas & Alvin Goldman. 2015
On treating oneself and others as thermometers White, Roger. 2009
Epistemic permissiveness White, Roger. 2016
Condorcet's jury theorem Wikipedia. 2016
Imprecise probabilities Bradley, Seamus. 2014
Minimax regret Wikipedia. 2016
Decision theory Steele, Katie & H. Orri Stefánsson. 2015
Counting on numbers Baumann, Peter. 2009
Pascal's mugging Bostrom, Nick. 2009
The St. Petersburg paradox Martin, Robert. 2013
Causal decision theories Arbital. 2016
Causal decision theory Wikipedia. 2016
Evidential decision theory Wikipedia. 2014
Risk and rationality Buchak, Lara. 2013
Salary or startup? How do-gooders can gain more from risky careers Shulman, Carl. 2012
Does risk aversion give an agent with purely altruistic preferences a good reason to donate to multiple charities? Snowden, James. 2015
When should altruists be financially risk-averse? Tomasik, Brian. 2016
Ambiguity aversion Wikipedia. 2016
The Allais paradox Yudkowsky, Eliezer. 2008
Moral anti-realism. Joyce, Richard. 2015
Moral naturalism Lenman, James. 2006
Moral non-naturalism Ridge, Michael. 2014
Metaethics Sayre-McCord, Geoff. 2012
Moral realism Sayre-McCord, Geoff. 2015
Moral cognitivism vs. non-cognitivism Van Roojen, Mark. 2013
Moral uncertainty - towards a solution? Bostrom, Nick. 2009
In defence of my favourite theory Gustafsson, Johan E. & Olle Torpman. 2014
Normative uncertainty MacAskill, William. 2014
Against moral hedging Nissan-Rozen, Ittay. 2015
What to Do When You Don't Know What to Do When You Don't Know What to Do…. Sepielli, Andrew. 2013
Running Risks Morally Weatherson, Brian 2014
Well-being Crisp, R. 2013
Reasons and persons Parfit, Derek. 1984
Animal consciousness Allen, Colin & Michael Trestman. 2016
On the overwhelming importance of the far future Beckstead, Nick. 2013
Astronomical waste: the opportunity cost of delayed technological development Bostrom, Nick. 2009
The Cambridge declaration on consciousness Francis Crick Memorial Conference. 2012
The nonidentity problem Roberts, M. A. 2015
Do artificial reinforcement-learning agents matter morally? Tomasik, Brian. 2014
Artificial consciousness Wikipedia. 2016
Value pluralism Mason, Elinor. 2011
How to compare global problems in terms of potential for impact 80,000 Hours. 2016
A list of all our profiles on global problems 80,000 Hours. 2016
Evaluation frameworks, or when importance / neglectedness / tractability doesn't apply Dickens, Michael. 2016
Evaluation frameworks, or when importance / neglectedness / tractability doesn't apply Dickens, Michael. 2016
The important/neglected/tractable framework needs to be applied with care Wiblin, Robert. 2016
Giving What We Can is cause neutral Hutchinson, Michelle. 2016
The benefits of cause-neutrality Sentience Politics. 2016
Differential technological development: some early thinking Beckstead, Nick. 2016
Existential risks Bostrom, Nick. 2002
On progress and prosperity Christiano, Paul. 2014
Differential intellectual progress as a positive-sum project Tomasik, Brian. 2015
Differential technological development Wikipedia. 2016
Cost-benefit analysis Wikipedia. 2016
Project overview: problems of unknown difficulty Cotton-Barratt, Owen. 2015
Our criteria for top charities GiveWell. 2016
Cost-effectiveness analysis Wikipedia. 2016
Cost-utility analysis Wikipedia. 2016
Pitfalls of the overhead ratio? Karnofsky, Holden. 2011
The worst way to pick a charity Karnofsky, Holden. 2012
Loss aversion Wikipedia. 2016
Opportunity cost Wikipedia. 2016
Replaceability Christiano, Paul. 2013
Replaceability in altruism Kuhn, Ben. 2013
What does economics tell us about replaceability? O'Keeffe-O'Donovan, Rossa. 2014
The bittersweetness of replaceability Rieber, Lila. 2015
‘Replaceability’ isn’t as important as you might think (or we’ve suggested) Todd, Benjamin. 2015
Crucial considerations and wise philanthropy Bostrom, Nick. 2014
Crucial considerations Foundational Research Institute. 2016
Margins and thinking at the margin Library of Economics and Liberty. 2016
Cosmopolitanism Brown, Eric & Pauline Kleingeld. 2013
Cosmopolitanism Hallquist, Topher. 2014
Well-being analysis vs. cost-benefit analysis Bronsteen, John, Christopher Buccafusco & Jonathan Masur. 2013
Metrics: disability-adjusted life year (DALY) World Health Organization. 2016
Exploring a wellbeing adjusted life year (WELBY) Davison, Ewan. 2015
Value of information Wikipedia. 2016
Discounting for uncertainty in health Cotton-Barratt, Owen. 2016
Should we discount future health benefits when considering cost-effectiveness? Ord & Wiblin. 2016
Annual effective discount rate Wikipedia. 2016
Social discount rate Wikipedia. 2016
Comparative bias Effective Altruism. 2014
Why I’m skeptical about unproven causes (and you should be too) Hurford, Peter. 2013
Heuristics in judgment and decision-making Wikipedia. 2016
List of cognitive biases Wikipedia. 2016
Cognitive biases potentially affecting judgment of global risks Yudkowsky, Eliezer. 2008
How we evaluate a study Karnofsky, Holden. 2016
Randomized controlled trial Wikipedia. 2016
Models in science Frigg, Roman & Stephan Hartmann. 2012
Probing the improbable: methodological challenges for risks with low probabilities and high stakes Hillerbrand, Rafaela, Toby Ord & Anders Sandberg. 2016
Sequence thinking vs. cluster thinking Karnofsky, Holden. 2016
Why we can’t take expected value estimates literally (even when they’re unbiased) Karnofsky, Holden. 2016
Guesstimate Guesstimate. No date.
Are GiveWell top charities too speculative? Dickens, Michael. 2015
Why I’m skeptical about unproven causes (and you should be too) Hurford, Peter. 2013
Gains from trade through compromise Tomasik, Brian. 2015
Moral trade Ord, Toby. 2015
Meditations on Moloch Alexander, Scott. 2014
Game theory Ross, Don. 2014
Game theory Wikipedia. 2016
Prisoner's dilemma Wikipedia. 2016
Tragedy of the commons Wikipedia. 2016
Nash equilibrium Wikipedia. 2016
Voting methods Pacuit, Eric. 2011
Category:voting Wikipedia. 2016
Group decision-making Wikipedia. 2016
The Unilateralist’s Curse: The Case for a Principle of Conformity Bostrom, Nick. 2013
Winner’s Curse Wikipedia. 2016
Should you play to your comparative advantage when choosing your career? Todd, Benjamin. 2018
My comparative advantage in effective altruism Aceso Under Glass. 2014
Some stories about comparative advantage Kuhn, Ben. 2014
The value of coordination Todd, Benjamin. 2016
Information Hazards Bostrom, Nick. 2011
Truth and Democracy Kitcher, Philip. 2001
What proxies to use for flow-through effects? Carl Shulman. 2016
Flow-through effects Robert Wiblin. 2016
Flow-through effects Holden Karnosky. 2013
On progress and prosperity Paul Christiano. 2015
Flow through effects conversation Jeff Kaufman. 2013
“Replaceability” isn’t as important as you might think (or we’ve suggested) 80’000 Hours. 2015
Integrity for consequentialists Christiano, Paul. 2016
What are the biggest problems in the world? 80,000 Hours. 2016
80,000 Hours quiz 80,000 Hours. 2016
How can we help the world? A flowchart Cotton-Barratt, Owen & Daniel Kokotajlo. 2016
My cause selection Denkenberger, Dave. 2015
A complete quantitative model for cause selection Dickens, Michael. 2016
Cause prioritization app Dickens, Michael. 2016
My cause selection Drescher, Denis. 2015
My cause selection Mather, Thomas. 2015
Strategic cause selection Karnofsky, Holden. 2012
Focus areas Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Transgenic mosquitoes, update Effective Altruism Policy Analytics Gentzel, Matt. 2016
CNS infection safety sgnal of RTS,S/AS01 and possible association with rabies vaccine Gessner, Bradford, David Wraith & Adam Finn. 2016
Mass distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) GiveWell. 2015
Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC), interim intervention report GiveWell. 2015
Malaria Consortium GiveWell. 2016
Against Malaria Foundation (AMF) GiveWell. 2016
Bednets have prevented 450 million cases of malaria Giving What We Can. 2015
Foundation for the National Institutes of Health — Working Group on Malaria Gene Drive Testing Path Open Philanthropy Project. 2016
Public health impact and cost-effectiveness of the RTS, S/AS01 malaria vaccine: a systematic comparison of predictions from four mathematical models Penny et al. 2016
Parasites Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2013
Deworming might have huge impact, but might have close to zero impact Conley, Sean. 2016
Does mass deworming affect child nutrition? Meta-analysis, cost-effectiveness, and statistical power Croke, Kevin et al. 2016
Combination deworming (mass drug administration targeting both schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths) GiveWell. 2015
Priority programs GiveWell. 2016
The case for mass treatment of intestinal helminths in endemic areas Hicks, Joan, Michael Kremer & Edward Miguel. 2015
What has been learned from the deworming replications: a nonpartisan view Humphreys, Macartan. 2015
The impact of mass deworming programmes on schooling and economic development: an appraisal of long-term studies Jullien, Sophie, David Sinclair & Paul Garner, Paul. 2016
Deworming drugs for soil-transmitted intestinal worms in children: effects on nutritional indicators, haemoglobin, and school performance Taylor-Robinson, David et al. 2015
Micronutrient facts Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2015.
Food Fortification Initiative Givewell. 2016
Project Healthy Children (PHC) Givewell. 2016
Micronutrient fortification Giving What We Can. 2016
Cash transfers in the developing world GiveWell. 2015
Priority programs GiveWell. 2016
GiveDirectly GiveWell. 2016
Allocating risk-mitigation work over time Cotton-Barratt, Owen. 2015
Cause profile: Animal welfare Centre for Effective Altruism. No date.
Evaluating interventions Animal Charity Evaluators. 2016
Charity reviews Animal Charity Evaluators. 2016.
Recommended charities Animal Charity Evaluators. 2016.
GiveWell’s criteria for top charities GiveWell. 2016
Process for identifying top charities GiveWell. 2016
Transparency policy GiveWell. 2016
Good Ventures Good Ventures. 2016
GiveWell’s process Open Philanthropy Project. 2016